The Ministry of Land and Resources rectifies the export of seven major minerals, or the volume shrinks and the price rises

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After a long period of deliberation, recently, the Ministry of Land and Resources officially issued a notice to carry out special rectification on the development order of seven advantageous minerals. 

These seven minerals are rare earth, tungsten, tin, antimony, molybdenum, high alumina clay, and fluorite. The reserves and output of most minerals rank first in the world. Previously, the Ministry of Land and Resources had repeatedly requested that the total amount of mining of these minerals should be controlled.

The "Notice on Carrying out Special Rectification Actions for National Rare Earth Mineral Development Order" (hereinafter referred to as the "Notice") requires that the Ministry of Land and Resources will carry out this action from June to November.

Build a long-term mechanism "coordinator" debut

The reporter learned about this news at the video conference on the special rectification of the national rare earth and other mineral development order held yesterday afternoon.

The "Notice" requires that illegal activities such as unlicensed exploration and mining of rare earth minerals will be resolutely banned, and ground facilities for illegal projects will be dismantled in a timely manner, and mineral products and illegal gains will be confiscated.

Excessive mining, over-regional mining, mining of minerals that do not conform to the license, and destruction of mineral resources are also included in this cleanup. If the illegal transfer of exploration rights and mining rights is serious, the exploration license and mining license will be revoked, and the transferee will also be punished for unlicensed exploration and mining.

Since 1995, the State Council has deployed three special rectification actions including rare earth, tungsten and other minerals, but none of them have achieved long-term rectification effects. To this end, the Ministry of Land and Resources emphasized the establishment of a long-term mechanism - the "coordinator" system. All mining areas have coordinators who are responsible for maintaining the mining order in the mining areas. "This method is relatively simple, a bit similar to a forest ranger, and we will pay close attention to the actual effect." The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Land and Resources said.

Exports will be controlled and prices will be raised

The seven minerals listed in this clean-up and rectification are all dominant minerals in my country, and their reserves and output rank among the top in the world. Among them, my country has more than half of the world's reserves of rare earth resources known as "industrial monosodium glutamate", and occupies 90% of the global market share.

However, in the international market, my country has gradually lost its trade pricing power. Data show that from 1990 to 2005, my country's rare earth exports increased nearly 10 times, but the average price fell to half of that in 1990. In recent years, the United States, Japan and other countries have imported a large number of rare earths from my country at low prices for strategic resource reserves.

Wang Min said that most of the mines in my country have extensive operations, small-scale enterprises, too many entities, outdated mining and selection technologies, and a large number of phenomena that seriously damage resources and the environment, such as mining the rich and abandoning the poor.

The "Notice" requires that the Ministry of Land and Resources will focus on the management of rare earth gathering areas in Guangdong and other provinces, as well as rare earth and other mineral concentrated distribution areas in Inner Mongolia, Jilin and other provinces.

Previously, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the "Notice on Publicly Collecting Opinions on the Access Conditions of the Rare Earth Industry". Drafts such as "Entry Conditions for Rare Earth Industry", "Special Plan for Rare Earth Industry Development" and "Rare Earth Industry Industry Development Policy" are also being formulated, all of which emphasize raising the entry threshold and industry concentration. Nearly 100 rare earth separation enterprises have been reorganized to 20 .

Analysts told reporters that the top management attaches great importance to this rectification, and it is expected that the export volume of the above-mentioned key minerals will be controlled and the prices will increase.