Policies help the development of "urban minerals"


release time:

2019-01-24

The development of "urban minerals" solves the problem of environmental pollution and is of strategic significance to my country's economic security. The National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance hope that by supporting the construction of demonstration bases, the current situation of small-scale renewable resource recycling enterprises will be reversed.

Zhang Yin, the "international junk king" who specializes in picking up American waste paper, surpassed countless mining and real estate kings in one fell swoop and became China's richest man in 2006; Wu Yueming, the "iron king" who specializes in picking up domestic and foreign scrap iron, made tens of billions in the stock market. ; A private enterprise in Shenzhen specializing in picking up foreign "electronic waste", it only took 4 years to produce monitors that ranked 5th in the world, becoming the export "boss" of China's electronics industry.

These incessant news pointed out to us that the best resources and minerals are in cities. No matter how good the output rate of iron ore resources is, it can’t compare to scrap steel; 1 ton of waste circuit boards can extract 400 grams of gold, which is the richest gold mine in the world; waste plastics that used to cost a lot of money to incinerate and landfill are now sold for every ton $1000. We suddenly realized that the Jews who monopolized the garbage in the United States have made a fortune by relying on this "urban mineral" that grows in step with consumption and will never be exhausted.

Urban Minerals Relieve Resource Dilemma

According to Xinhuanet, at the "2010 Circular Economy Policy Focus and the 1st Circular Economy Top 10 News Selection Results Conference" held on June 1, He Bingguang, inspector of the Environmental and Resources Department of the National Development and Reform Commission, said that there are already many in the world. The state proposes to develop "urban minerals". For example, in Japan, where resources are scarce, through the implementation of the "Home Appliance Recycling Law", about 600,000 tons of garbage is turned into treasure every year; and the "Automobile Recycling Law" can turn millions of tons of garbage into recycled materials.

He said on the same occasion: "In response to the financial crisis, Japan proposed to vigorously develop 'urban mines' and turn a country with small resources into a country with large resources. This is not groundless, but well-founded. They want to recycle 300 million old mines every year. Cell phones, extracting a lot of gold from it, it's a very significant resource strategy for them."

He Bingguang also said that at present, the resource recycling industry has become the fastest growing sunrise industry in the world, and this resource strategy is still of great significance to our country: "We all know that China's per capita resources are relatively insufficient, which is of strategic significance. Of the 45 kinds of mineral resources in China, many are in short supply to a certain extent, and many important strategic resources are too dependent on foreign countries, such as our iron ore, oil, etc. Safety is a strategic move, while at the same time solving the problem of environmental pollution in the process of utilization.”

With the rapid development of China's economy, the acceleration of industrialization and urbanization, the problems of environmental pollution and resource shortages have become increasingly apparent, especially the large amount of solid waste generated in cities has caused great harm to the living environment of human beings.

At present, China has surpassed the United States with an annual consumption of 5 billion tons of mineral resources, becoming the world's first "resource-consuming superpower". According to Liu Qiang, vice-chairman of the China Association of Materials Recycling, to reach the level of developed countries, China needs three earth's resources.

According to a survey, after 300 years of predatory mining in the industrial revolution, more than 80% of the world's industrially available mineral resources have been transferred from the ground to the ground, and accumulated around us in the form of "garbage", with a total of thousands of billion tons, and is increasing by 10 billion tons per year. The developed countries that have developed through industrial civilization are becoming inexhaustible "urban mines".

At present, the scale of the resource recycling industry in developed countries has increased to 600 billion US dollars, and it is expected to reach 1.8 trillion US dollars by 2010. The scale of the recycling industry in the United States alone has reached 240 billion US dollars, surpassing the automobile industry and becoming the largest and most employed in the United States. pillar industries.

In my country, according to the statistics of relevant departments, during the "Tenth Five-Year Plan" period, the total amount of renewable resources recovered in China was about 400 million tons, the average annual recovery amount was about 80 million tons, and the average annual growth rate was over 12%; the main renewable resources recovered The total value exceeds 650 billion yuan, with an average annual growth rate of more than 20%. Although my country's renewable resources industry has developed rapidly, there is a big gap between the production and demand of renewable resources in my country and the utilization of renewable resources in developed countries. The figures not only reflect the gap between my country and developed countries, but also show that there is still a huge market space for the development of "urban mineral" resources in my country.